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This work portrays two contrasting facets of Indian policies in two different eras. In the post World War II world, bi-polar world structure emerged as new reality where two ideologically, politically, economically and socially deferent systems confronted each other –one led by the Soviet Union and the other headed by the United States. India and other resurgent nations that attained independence during that period could not insulate themselves from the consequences of the new situation. Their foreign and economic policies reflected the influence of the socialist system, even though some of them embraced capitalist order as a matter of policy. This group of nations, later formed into Non-aligned Movement (NAM), played a vital role in the liberation movements of subject nations, in safeguarding world peace and security, and fought for a new international economic order. They, including India, maintained close ties with nations of both the blocs, yet called for decolonization, disarmament etc. India as a leading member of the new group convened Asian relations conference in March-April, 1947(New Delhi) and another Inter-Asian conference in New Delhi, January, 1949 devoted to Indonesian independence. J. Nehru was the leading light in these conferences. In Bandung Afro-Asian conference(1955) India was represented by Nehru. India emerged as a leading member of the NAM. India’s industrial policy of 1948 and 1956 and planning commission(1950) bore marks of socialist influence. India along with Egypt, Indonesia and Yugoslavia played a significant role in the institutionalization of NAM whose first summit meeting was held in Belgrade in 1961. In subsequent summit and other meetings, India made strenuous efforts to maintain the unity and integrity of the movement, despite pools and pressures exerted by the NAM members ideologically close to Western and Eastern blocs. India played host to the seventh NAM summit in 1983. However the collapse of the Soviet Union in 1991 reversed these trends. World situation underwent fundamental transformation replacing bi-polarity by unipolarity. The USA was left as the sole super power which had a bearing on the domestic and foreign policies of the nations including India. Taking advantage of the new situation America sought to enforce its writ on the international arena. Wars, military conflicts and economic pressures on vulnerable nations became the order of the day as far as international relations were concerned. Profound changes were brought about in the foreign and economic policies of India and others NAM members. Foreign and economic policy changes effected since then encompassed the entire gamut of economic policy and India’s foreign relations with Asian nations and great powers. A policy of economic restructuring, privatization, liberalization public sector disinvestment was adopted. “Look East” policy subsequently replaced by “Act East” policy guided India’s relations with South-East Asian nations. India and the US buried the hatchet and their ties were significantly improved in economic, political and military fields. Likewise, India and Israel, the closest American ally in the Middle-East, came close to each other. India’s ties with Russia remained cordial, but the warmth of the Indo-Soviet relationship was missing. Despite political differences with China, Sino-Indian economic ties are on the upswing and India has readjusted its policies in the changing global scenario.
This Precision V-Block Clamp Set is designed for checking precision machine parts, general workshop use, and holding stock when drilling and milling. V's are central, parallel and square (and are supplied in matched in pairs with 2 clamps). Made from heat-treated, hardened tool steel for durability and extended lifespan.
It tells the story of a young man, Prem (Salman Khan), and a young woman, Nisha (Madhuri Dixit), who are both very fun loving, cheerful and mischievous. Prem has lost his parents at an early age. He lives with his elder brother Rajesh (Mohnish Behl) and uncle Kailashnath (Alok Nath). Rajesh manages his business with great flair and his family is on the look-out for a suitable bride for him. Professor Siddharth Chaudhary (Anupam Kher) and Mrs. Chaudhary (Reema Lagoo) have two daughters, Pooja (Renuka Shahane) and Nisha. The Chaudhary couple and Kailashnath are old friends who meet again after several years. They arrange a marriage between Rajesh and Pooja. From their first meeting, Nisha and Prem start arguing and fighting with each other, although in a lighthearted manner. The fun and mischief continues throughout Pooja and Rajesh's wedding.Prem gets along well with his kind and affectionate sister-in-law. In course of time, Pooja and Rajesh discover that they are expecting a child. Professor and Mrs. Chaudhary are unable to come to Kailashnath's house for the ceremony marking the impending arrival of the baby. So they send Nisha instead; and she stays there until Pooja's delivery. In the meanwhile, Nisha and Prem fall in love with each other. Pooja gives birth to a son. Professor and Mrs. Chaudhary come over to Kailashnath's house to celebrate the birth of their grandchild. When it is time for them to leave, everybody is sad, especially Prem. He and Nisha promise to each other that they will soon get together for ever.
The progression of information and communication technology (ICT) eGovernment systems has substantial implications for the future of government as we know it. eGov presents major challenges and advantages for policy makers as fundamentally different nations are adopting ICT in public administration reforms in order to capitalize on the benefits of transformational government or electronic government technology. This book investigates the modern political, technological, economic, social, and cultural issues of transformational government. It discusses in detail how interaction through advancing technology such as e-participation, mobile government, social media, web 2.0, and cloud computing has been successfully incorporated into eGov practice. International in scope this book gives practical examples and case studies of eGov implementation in countries across the globe and is the essential reference text for this important topic.
Computer vision is one of the most complex and computationally intensive problem. Like any other computationally intensive problems, parallel pro- cessing has been suggested as an approach to solving the problems in com- puter vision. Computer vision employs algorithms from a wide range of areas such as image and signal processing, advanced mathematics, graph theory, databases and artificial intelligence. Hence, not only are the comput- ing requirements for solving vision problems tremendous but they also demand computers that are efficient to solve problems exhibiting vastly dif- ferent characteristics. With recent advances in VLSI design technology, Single Instruction Multiple Data (SIMD) massively parallel computers have been proposed and built. However, such architectures have been shown to be useful for solving a very limited subset of the problems in vision. Specifically, algorithms from low level vision that involve computations closely mimicking the architec- ture and require simple control and computations are suitable for massively parallel SIMD computers. An Integrated Vision System (IVS) involves com- putations from low to high level vision to be executed in a systematic fashion and repeatedly. The interaction between computations and information dependent nature of the computations suggests that architectural require- ments for computer vision systems can not be satisfied by massively parallel SIMD computers.
The South Asian security complex refers to security interdependencies between the states in the region, and also includes the effect that powerful external actors, such as China, the US and Russia, and geopolitical interests have on regional dynamics. This book focuses on the national securities of a number of South Asian countries in order to discuss a range of issues related to South Asian security.The book makes a distinction between traditional and non-traditional security. While state-centric approaches such as bilateral relations between India and Pakistan are considered to be traditional realist approaches to security, the promotion of economic, environmental and human security reflect global concerns, liberal theories and cosmopolitan values. The book goes beyond traditional security issues to reflect the changing security agenda in South Asia in the twenty-first century, and is a useful contribution to studies on South Asian Politics and Security Studies.